Hugo Erfurth (1874 - 1948) was a German photographer noted mainly for his portraits of artists, intellectuals, and celebrities of the 1920s. Erfurth studied art at the Academy of Arts in Dresden, Germany, from 1892 to 1896. He worked as a portrait photographer in Dresden from 1896 until about 1925. Many artists, including Oskar Kokoschka, Otto Dix, and Paul Klee, frequented his studio and had their portraits taken. From 1924 to 1948 he was chairman of the jury of the prestigious Gesellschaft Deutscher Lichtbildner (GDL), an organization of leading German art photographers.